Can a person come to a clinic where a robot will perform a full-fledged operation on him? Currently, robots do not perform surgical procedures on their own, but they are assistants to the surgeon. Let's look at several options for how a robot can assist a surgeon.
Steady-Hand Manipulator for Retinal Surgery
This device is used during vitreoretinal surgery when the surgeon needs to visualize the pathology on a micron scale and manually correct the pathology using direct contact and freehand techniques. The procedure occurs within a tiny space surrounded by vital tissues. This procedure requires dissection and separation of fibrous scar tissue from the retinal surface (membrane peeling). However, the human hand cannot do this on its own due to the size of the incision, the tremor of both the surgeon's hands, and the possible tremors of the patient due to the respiratory system. These problems are addressed using a robotic assistance system for retinal procedures such as vein cannulation and retinal sheathotomy.
The day is far away when the robot will operate entirely by itself.
Of course, as the name says, these technologies are assistants for the surgeon. Technology mainly helps to operate more accurately, eliminates tremors, and reduces the operation time. However, technologies are not yet able to analyze the situation and independently make decisions during the critical moments of the operation. And a surgeon is not only a hand that physically removes the problems of the body but also a brain that analyzes and even changes the course of the operation depending on the situation. Therefore, the day is far away when the robot will operate entirely by itself. Although who knows, maybe this day is close.